Federative Republic of Brazil
 
General information
 
 
Map of South America
Hemisphere  South 
Continent American 
Area (km2 8,547,403.5
Resident population (1991) 146,825,475
Demographic density (inhabitants/km2 17.18
Rate of Urbanization (%)  75.59
Geometric Medium rate of Annual Growth 1980-1991(%)  1.93
 
   
Political-administrative organization
 
Map of Brazil
 
(Click in the State to select it)
 
 
REGION  UNIT OF THE FEDERATION  CAPITAL  AREA (km2 POPULATION 1991 
NORTH 3,869,637 10,030,556 
  Acre  Rio Branco  153,149 417,718 
  Amapá  Macapá  143,453 289,397 
  Amazonas  Manaus  1,577,820 2,103,243 
  Pará  Belém  1,253,164 .4,950,060 
  Rondônia  Porto Velho  238,512 1,132,692 
  Roraima  Boa Vista  225,116 217,583 
  Tocantins  Palmas  278,420 919,863 
NORTHEAST 1,561,177 42,497,540 
  Alagoas  Maceió  98,937 7,127,855 
  Bahia  Salvador  567,295 11,867,991 
  Ceará  Fortaleza  146,348 6,366,647 
  Maranhão  São Luis  333,365 4,930,253 
  Paraíba  João Pessoa  56,584 3,201,114 
  Pernambuco  Recife  98,937 7,127,855 
  Piauí  Teresina  252,378 2,582,137 
  Rio Grande do Norte  .Natal  53,306 2,415,567 
  Sergipe  Aracaju  22,050 1,491,876 
SOUTHEAST 927,286 62,740,401 
  Espírito Santo  Vitória  46,184 2,600,618 
  Minas Gerais  Belo Horizonte  588,383 15,743,152 
  Rio de Janeiro  Rio de Janeiro  43,909 12,807,706 
  São Paulo  São Paulo  248,808 31,588,925 
SOUTH 577,214 22,129,377 
  Paraná  Curitiba  199,709 8,448,713 
  Rio Grande do Sul  Porto Alegre  282,062 9,138,670 
  Santa Catarina  Florianópolis  95,442 4,541,994 
MIDDLE-WEST -   1,612,077  9,427,601
  Distrito Federal  Brasília  5,822 1,601,094 
  Goiás  Goiânia  341,289 4,018,903 
  Mato Grosso  Cuiabá  906,806 2,027,231 
  Mato Grosso do Sul  Campo Grande  358,158 1,780,373 
BRAZIL Brasília  8,547,403 146,825,475 
 
Source: FIBGE,1991.
Population
In agreement with the last demographic census, accomplished in 1991 by the Foundation Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - FIBGE, the Brazilian population was 146, 825, 475 inhabitants. For 2000, FIBGE estimates a resident population of 165, 715, 400 inhabitants, which corresponds to a geometric medium rate of annual growth of 1.35%.

In 1980, (the year before the last demographic census was conducted), the Brazilian resident population was 119, 002, 706 inhabitants, which corresponds to a rate of annual growth of 1.93% for the period 1980/1991.

Brazil possessed in 1991, a gross population density of 17.18 inhabitants/km2 and a rate of urbanization of 75.59%.

In relationship to the demographic density, Rio de Janeiro is the Brazilian state that possessed, in 1991, the largest concentration of population (291.68 inhabitants/km2), followed by the Federal District (275.00 inhabitants/km2) and by São Paulo (126.96 inhabitants/km2). Those three states were, however, the only Brazilian states to present demographic density over 100 inhabitants/km2. At the opposite end, with the lowest demographic densities, there are the component states of the North and Middle-West regions of the country. Roraima presents the lowest Brazilian demographic density (0.97 inhabitants/km2), followed by the state of Amazonas (1.33 inhabitants/km2).

Concerning the urbanization rate, it is also the states of Rio de Janeiro, Federal District and the state of São Paulo that present the largest indexes, of respectively, 95.25%, 94.68% and 92.80%. The smallest urbanization rates exist in the states of Maranhão (40.01%), Pará (52.44%) and Piauí (52.95%).


 
The information given here was extracted of the site   Brazilian Environmental Mall
 
Page created and designed by Marlon Machado
Send comments to   marlon@brcactaceae.org 
Melocactus margaritaceus